The AKC conformations above are the "basics" for an AKC registered English
Bulldog.  Even thought these are just the basics, very rarely do you ever find a
Bulldog that meets these standards completely.  When they do, quality breeders
hold them to improve his or her Kennel and to show. Even a "show prospect" or a
Champion will many times deviate from the strict standard in one or more areas
slightly.  Bulldogs that lack the overall physical standard are sold to homes as
companions or pet dogs.  A Bulldog that even remotely resembles a Boxer in the
face, head, elongation of the body or long legs is very much a substandard  
Bulldog and should be avoided.   Champion Breeders develop Bulldog from
Champion and Show dogs.  Pet quality from a Champion Breeder would many
times be considered Show Dogs to others.  Keep you search focused on BCA
members and quality, healthy Bulldogs.


A friendly outgoing companionable breed which is readily observe in its
expression and demeanor.  The disposition should be equable and kind, resolute
and courageous (not vicious or aggressive),     and demeanor should be pacific
and dignified. These attributes should be countenanced by the  expression and
behavior.  From the Show Dog Breeder, besides breeding for the best looking
bulldog, temperament is equally important.  
Bulldog Breed Standard
Non-Sporting Group

General Appearance
The perfect Bulldog must be of medium size and smooth coat; with heavy,
thick-set, low-swung body, massive short-faced head, wide shoulders and sturdy
limbs. The general appearance and attitude should suggest great stability, vigor
and strength. The disposition should be equable and kind, resolute and
courageous (not vicious or aggressive), and demeanor should be pacific and
dignified. These attributes should be countenanced by the expression and

Size, Proportion, Symmetry
Size--The size for mature dogs is about 50 pounds; for mature bitches about 40
pounds. Proportion--The circumference of the skull in front of the ears should
measure at least the height of the dog at the shoulders. Symmetry--The "points"
should be well distributed and bear good relation one to the other, no feature
being in such prominence from either excess or lack of quality that the animal
appears deformed or ill-proportioned. Influence of Sex In comparison of
specimens of different sex, due allowance should be made in favor of the bitches,
which do not bear the characteristics of the breed to the same degree of
perfection and grandeur as do the dogs.

Eyes and Eyelids--The eyes, seen from the front, should be situated low down in
the skull, as far from the ears as possible, and their corners should be in a
straight line at right angles with the stop. They should be quite in front of the
head, as wide apart as possible, provided their outer corners are within the
outline of the cheeks when viewed from the front. They should be quite round in
form, of moderate size, neither sunken nor bulging, and in color should be very
dark. The lids should cover the white of the eyeball, when the dog is looking
directly forward, and the lid should show no "haw." Ears--The ears should be set
high in the head, the front inner edge of each ear joining the outline of the skull
at the top back corner of skull, so as to place them as wide apart, and as high,
and as far from the eyes as possible. In size they should be small and thin. The
shape termed "rose ear" is the most desirable. The rose ear folds inward at its
back lower edge, the upper front edge curving over, outward and backward,
showing part of the inside of the burr. (The ears should not be carried erect or
prick-eared or buttoned and should never be cropped.) Skull--The skull should be
very large, and in circumference, in front of the ears, should measure at least the
height of the dog at the shoulders. Viewed from the front, it should appear very
high from the corner of the lower jaw to the apex of the skull, and also very broad
and square. Viewed at the side, the head should appear very high, and very short
from the point of the nose to occiput. The forehead should be flat (not rounded or
domed), neither too prominent nor overhanging the face. Cheeks--The cheeks
should be well rounded, protruding sideways and outward beyond the eyes.
Stop--The temples or frontal bones should be very well defined, broad, square and
high, causing a hollow or groove between the eyes. This indentation, or stop,
should be both broad and deep and extend up the middle of the forehead, dividing
the head vertically, being traceable to the top of the skull. Face and Muzzle--The
face, measured from the front of the cheekbone to the tip of the nose, should be
extremely short, the muzzle being very short, broad, turned upward and very deep
from the corner of the eye to the corner of the mouth. Nose--The nose should be
large, broad and black, its tip set back deeply between the eyes. The distance
from bottom of stop, between the eyes, to the tip of nose should be as short as
possible and not exceed the length from the tip of nose to the edge of underlip.
The nostrils should be wide, large and black, with a well-defined line between
them. Any nose other than black is objectionable and a brown or liver-colored
nose shall disqualify. Lips--The chops or "flews" should be thick, broad, pendant
and very deep, completely overhanging the lower jaw at each side. They join the
underlip in front and almost or quite cover the teeth, which should be scarcely
noticeable when the mouth is closed. Bite--Jaws--The jaws should be massive,
very broad, square and "undershot," the lower jaw projecting considerably in front
of the upper jaw and turning up. Teeth The teeth should be large and strong, with
the canine teeth or tusks wide apart, and the six small teeth in front, between the
canines, in an even, level row.

Neck, Topline, Body
Neck -- The neck should be short, very thick, deep and strong and well arched at
the back. Topline -- There should be a slight fall in the back, close behind the
shoulders (its lowest part), whence the spine should rise to the loins (the top of
which should be higher than the top of the shoulders), thence curving again more
suddenly to the tail, forming an arch (a very distinctive feature of the breed),
termed "roach back" or, more correctly, "wheel-back." Body--The brisket and body
should be very capacious, with full sides, well-rounded ribs and very deep from
the shoulders down to its lowest part, where it joins the chest. It should be well
let down between the shoulders and forelegs, giving the dog a broad, low,
short-legged appearance. Chest--The chest should be very broad, deep and full.
Underline--The body should be well ribbed up behind with the belly tucked up and
not rotund. Back and Loin--The back should be short and strong, very broad at the
shoulders and comparatively narrow at the loins. Tail--The tail may be either
straight or "screwed" (but never curved or curly), and in any case must be short,
hung low, with decided downward carriage, thick root and fine tip. If straight, the
tail should be cylindrical and of uniform taper. If "screwed," the bends or kinks
should be well defined, and they may be abrupt and even knotty, but no portion of
the member should be elevated above the base or root.

Shoulders--The shoulders should be muscular, very heavy, widespread and
slanting outward, giving stability and great power. Forelegs--The forelegs should
be short, very stout, straight and muscular, set wide apart, with well developed
calves, presenting a bowed outline, but the bones of the legs should not be
curved or bandy, nor the feet brought too close together. Elbows--The elbows
should be low and stand well out and loose from the body. Feet-- The feet should
be moderate in size, compact and firmly set. Toes compact, well split up, with
high knuckles and very short stubby nails. The front feet may be straight or
slightly out-turned.

Legs--The hind legs should be strong and muscular and longer than the forelegs,
so as to elevate the loins above the shoulders. Hocks should be slightly bent and
well let down, so as to give length and strength from the loins to hock. The lower
leg should be short, straight and strong, with the stifles turned slightly outward
and away from the body. The hocks are thereby made to approach each other, and
the hind feet to turn outward. Feet--The feet should be moderate in size, compact
and firmly set. Toes compact, well split up, with high knuckles and short stubby
nails. The hind feet should be pointed well outward.

Coat and Skin
Coat -- The coat should be straight, short, flat, close, of fine texture, smooth and glossy.
(No fringe, feather or curl.)
Skin -- The skin should be soft and loose, especially at the head, neck and shoulders.
Wrinkles and Dewlap -- The head and face should be covered with heavy wrinkles, and at
the throat, from jaw to chest, there should be two loose pendulous folds, forming the

Color of Coat
The color of coat should be uniform, pure of its kind and brilliant. The various colors found
in the breed are to be preferred in the following order: (1) red brindle, (2) all other brindles,
(3) solid white, (4) solid red, fawn or fallow, (5) piebald, (6) inferior qualities of all the
foregoing. Note: A perfect piebald is preferable to a muddy brindle or defective solid color.
Solid black is very undesirable, but not so objectionable if occurring to a moderate degree
in piebald patches. The brindles to be perfect should have a fine, even and equal
distribution of the composite colors. In brindles and solid colors a small white patch on
the chest is not considered detrimental. In piebalds the color patches should be well
defined, of pure color and symmetrically distributed.

The style and carriage are peculiar, his gait being a loose-jointed, shuffling, sidewise
motion, giving the characteristic "roll." The action must, however, be unrestrained, free
and vigorous.

The disposition should be equable and kind, resolute and courageous (not vicious or
aggressive), and demeanor should be pacific and dignified. These attributes should be
countenanced by the expression and behavior.

Scale of Points

General Properties: 22
5 Proportion & Symmetry
4 Color of Coat
3 Attitude
3 Gait
3 Size
2 Coat
2 Expression

Head 39
6 Nose
5 Skull
5 Wrinkle
5 Jaw
4 Stop
3 Eyes & Eyelids
5 Ears
2 Cheeks
2 Chops
2 Teeth

Body, Legs, Etc. 39
5 Shoulders
5 Back
4 Forelegs & Elbows
4 Tail
3 Neck
3 Chest
3 Ribs
3 Hind Legs
3 Feet
2 Dewlap
2 Brisket
2 Belly

Total Points 100

Disqualification: Brown or Liver Colored Nose

Approved July 20, 1976
Reformatted November 28,1990
The American Kennel Club 1991
1997, The Bulldog Club of America
Rose Ears
Head Broad and Flat
Bowed, Muscular
Straight Forelegs